Technology in the Great War

Technology in the Great War

Technology in the Great War

Why was bettering engineering in the Great War was a changeless conflict within the war between the Allies and the Central Powers, and how greatly did the more advanced engineering affect each side? [ 1 ] The freshly introduced, improved engineering greatly affected the manner the Great War was fought. The add-on of new engineerings, set force per unit area on the opposing power to come up with counter-measures. Unlike many other wars, the Great War was a entire war, intending there was no limitations of what arms could be used, it didn’t affair who was involved, or what the aim of the war was.World War 1 was a war of understanding the oppositions engineering and reacting by bettering engineering in the counter-measures, and in the arms used to bring down the most damage.The Great War was an highly bloody war that engulfed Europe from 1914 to 1919, with immense losingss of life and small land lost or won. WW1 was chiefly fought by soldiers in trenches, there was an estimated 10 million military deceases and another 20 million wounded throughout the Great War. [ 2 ] While many hoped that World War I would be “ the war to stop all wars, ” in actuality, the reasoning peace pact set the phase for World War II.

The chief flicker that set off WW1 was the blackwash of Austria’s Archduke, Franz Ferdinand and his married woman while they were sing the metropolis of Sarajevo, in the Austro-Hungarian state of Bosnia-Herzegovina. T he Great War became a war of abrasion, both sides were fought from the trenches, and no 1 would come in no-mans land. [ 3 ]

The U.S. wanted to keep its thought of isolationism, and didn’t want to acquire involved in a war so far off, but two chief factors triggered America to respond. The first 1 was the sinking of the Lusitania ; which was when a German U-Boat sunk the British ocean line drive, which carried largely riders, including 159 American riders. The 2nd event that caused the U.S. to come in the war was the Zimmerman Note ; which was a coded message to Mexico sent from Germany that said that is Mexico onslaughts America to maintain them out of Europe, they will be rewarded parts of land. In response to this note, America declared war on Germany. The Treaty of Versailles was the peace pact that ended WW1, a figure of footings were involved which set the phase for WW2. [ 4 ]

The machine gun had a large consequence on the great war and the manner it was fought, being new engineering, made it an plus for the British ground forces. The first machine gun that was introduced to war was the Maxim Machine gun which was developed by Hiram Maxim in 1884. Hiram Maxim was born on February 5th, 1840 in Maine but emigrated to the United Kingdom at the age of 41. Maxim besides held patents for a hair-curling Fe, and designed a method of bring forthing C fibrils, while he worked for the United States Electric Lighting Company. After traveling to the United Kingdom, Maxim began to work on the complications of automatic arms, when he created his paradigm of the Maxim machine gun. [ 5 ] The machine gun was water-cooled, belt Federal, and kick operated, doing it to the full automatic, doing it simple, effectual, and easy to utilize on the battleground. Here is a quotation mark from an article depicting how machine guns were effectual ; “ Machine-gun fire is far more lifelessly than rifle fire. The gun’s saddle horse gives its fire preciseness and absorbs its kick. Furthermore, one time the gun has been ‘laid’ , its purpose can non be disturbed by the effects of fright or exhilaration on its firer. Machine guns are fired in explosions, in which the slugs do non follow exactly the same flight, but alternatively organize a ‘cone of fire’ . ” ( www.military-history.org ) This quotation mark supports my point because it says how the saddle horse absorbs kick and gives the gun preciseness while firing and how the slugs drop at different flights, doing a “cone of fire” which would turn out the machine gun effectual on the battleground. Here is quote from the clip of the innovation of the machine gun ; “Infantry warfare had depended upon hand-to-hand combat. World War I popularized the usage of the machine gun—capable of conveying down row after row of soldiers from a distance on the battlefield.” ( hypertext transfer protocol: //memory.loc.gov ) This quotation mark proves my point because it states how infantry warfare depended upon hand-to-hand combat and the lone manner to acquire that near would to be to run into the other trench, but they would be shot down by the machine gun every bit shortly as they got out of their trench. [ 6 ] The thoughts presented in the first quotation mark relate to how engineering affected the Great War by saying how the machine gun was configured to non be drawn off mark by the taw but to be shot in explosions so it would spray slugs all over, so the taw did non hold to be on mark at all times but be in the locality and still hit the enemy. The thoughts presented in the 2nd quotation mark related to how engineering affected the Great War by saying how foot warfare was largely hand-to-hand combat, but the enemy would hold problem acquiring into the other trenches to prosecute in combat if they merely got changeable down by the machine gun before they could go forth their trenches. “Few proficient developments had rather the impact of the machine gun on the Western Front during the First World War. The German army’s Maxim guns efficaciously ended an full, attrition-based, scheme of military candidacy, although it took the best portion of the war for the allied generals to gain this.” ( hypertext transfer protocol: //alphahistory.com ) This quotation mark supports my point because it explains how merely a few technological developments in the machine gun had a great consequence on the western forepart, and forced the enemies to re-evaluate their run schemes. There is how Hiram Maxim and his innovation of the Maxim machine gun was a large affect on the war and the manner it was fought and how this new engineering affected the Great War by lay waste toing the enemy. [ 7 ]

The armored combat vehicle was a new tech [ 8 ] nology introduced to WW1 which aided the promotions of the foreparts on Europe, and although it had mechanical mistakes, it did turn out itself a topographic point in future wars. The first armored combat vehicle in the Great war was non used during war, it was used as a templet known as “Little Willie” . Not merely one individual can acquire full recognition for contriving the armored combat vehicle because many other states during WW1 had light armored vehicles, but the chief individual who supported the thought of the armored combat vehicle was Lieutenant-Colonel Ernest Swinton. “Little Willie” shortly developed into “Big Willie” , geting a rhomboid form. Subsequently during the development procedure, a meeting was held to propose utilizing 10- millimeter frontal armor and 8- mm side armor, and have 57- millimeters naval guns mounted on the sides. Swinton proposed that the armored combat vehicle would be used manus in manus with the foot in order to interrupt through the foreparts. “ It seems, as the armored combat vehicles are an subsidiary to the foot, that they must be counted as foot and in an operation be under the same command. ” . ( www.historylearningsite.co.uk ) . This quotation mark states my point because it says how the armored combat vehicle is fundamentally an assistance to the foot, and must be used with the foot in order to be effectual during conflict. “ During the Battle of the Somme, the British launch a major offense against the Germans, using armored combat vehicles for the first clip in history. At Flers Courcelette, some of the 40 or so crude armored combat vehicles advanced over a stat mi into enemy lines but were excessively slow to keep their places during the German countermove and capable to mechanical dislocation. However, General Douglas Haig, commanding officer of Allied forces at the Somme, saw the promise of this new instrument of war and ordered the war section to bring forth 100s more. ” . ( www.history.com ) . That quotation mark supports my point because it states how during the first conflict it was introduced to, the armored combat vehicle did assist the foot units progress past the foreparts, but they did hold their mechanical defects that slowed down the patterned advance of the conflict. This quotation mark besides supports my point because it says how it proved its topographic point in future wars by saying that General Douglas Haig “saw the promise of the new instrument of war” and he ordered 100s more to be produced for future conflicts. In July of 1918, the armored combat vehicle was used in a manner that would change the manner it would be used in ulterior conflicts. Alternatively of trying to derive land by ramping machine gun units, General John Monash launched an onslaught at Le Hamel by unleashing a co-ordinated bombardment of armored combat vehicles, heavy weapon, and aeroplanes in order to unclutter a way for progressing foot units “ The British introduced armored combat vehicles in 1916 ; they were used with aeroplanes and heavy weapon to progress the front.” . ( memory.loc.gov ) . This newspaper article supports my point because it states how the armored combat vehicle was used with other arms and tactics to progress the western forepart. There is how the armored combat vehicle aided the promotion of the western foreparts in Europe and how it was used during the war.

The aeroplane was about new engineering to the universe, but the thought of presenting the aeroplane to war was new. The Wright brothers are credited for the innovation of the aeroplane, although the flight lasted merely a minute, they became the first squad to wing a plane with a pilot in December of 1903. The aeroplane did non hold really much clip to develop and work out many defects before it was introduced to the war, merely a decennary after it was foremost invented. The underdevelopment of the aeroplane restricted the utilizations of the aeroplane in the conflicts. Due to the underdevelopment of the plane, it was restricted to be used chiefly for reconnaissance, where the pilots would wing behind enemy lines and take exposure of the enemies motions. The aeroplane besides did hold a few disadvantages, such as no signifiers of ego defence and being new engineering, did non many people knew how to run the machine. Anti-aircraft arms were lay waste toing to the aeroplane because they did non hold any manner to revenge against the arms, and since pilots were non familiar with runing the machines made them easy marks for the enemy. “ A little more than a decennary after the Wright brothers ended manA­kind ‘s tellurian bondage, the conflict for military domination in the air had begun. ” “ German trial pilot Ernst Canter noted in his logbook that while he flew at a tallness of 80 pess in 1910, two old ages subsequently he was go uping to about 5,000. ” ( Historynet.com ) . This quotation mark supports my point because it states how the aeroplane had merely been about for a decennary and aerial domination was already being fought for. This quotation mark besides supports my point because it says how the development of the plane was quickly turning, doing it more and more advanced and improved. “Not merely did aircraft become faster, more maneuverable and more powerful, but a figure of engineerings that were common at the start of the war had about disappeared by the terminal of it. Many of the aircraft in 1914 were of “ thruster ” layout. This is the same constellation that the Wright brothers used, where the propellor faced backwards and pushed the aircraft forward.” ( www.firstworldwar.com ) . This quotation mark supports my point because it states how the aircraft did non germinate really much from what the Wright brothers invented and still had the same operational constructs. “As World War One progressed, the military believed that aircraft had a far greater value than merely aerial picture taking – though this facet of their usage became far more sophisticated as the reading of aerial exposure improved. Two wholly different signifiers of aircraft developed – the combatant and the bomber. By November 1918, there was no comparing between the aircraft that finished the war and the aircraft that had been at the start. In merely four old ages the alterations brought on by war were huge.” . ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.historylearningsite.co.uk ) This quotation mark supports my point because it says how the aircraft developed during the war from an aerial reconnaissance plane, to a combatant or bomber plane. “Sea and airborne arms made killing from a distance more effectual as good. Guns mounted on ships were able to strike marks up to twenty stat mis inland.” ( hypertext transfer protocol: //memory.loc.gov ) . This newspaper article from WW1 supports my point because it says how sea and airborne arms made killing from a distance more effectual, intending that the aeroplanes would make recon on the enemy promotions and describe back with exposure and the ships would recalculate their arms and take fire once more, bring downing more harm. There is how the aeroplane, although was new engineering to the universe, but really new to the construct of being applied to war, and how it was effectual when it was used with other arms.

How did new engineering affected the Great War? I believe that bettering engineering in the Great War was a changeless conflict within the war between the Allies and the Central Powers. Besides why freshly introduced engineering had such a great consequence on the war attempts and how it was fought. New innovations such as the machine gun, the armored combat vehicle, and the aeroplane were designed to bring down more harm on the enemy and those illustrations present why the more advanced engineering helped the war advancement. The significance of World War 1 was the infinite innovations that were produced whether they were for the war attempts or non. World War 1 besides introduced new schemes to contending, such as using new engineerings at the same clip. Immediate deductions created by World War 1 was chiefly Germany, being defeated, was forced to pay an huge debt to retrace all the amendss the war has done to the states it was fought in, and in some ways, can be blamed for the rise of Hitler and the Nazi group.

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  2. “ Newspaper Pictorials: World War I Rotogravures. ” Newspaper Pictorials. N.p. , n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2014.
  3. “ Tanks Introduced into Warfare at the Somme. ” History.com. A & A ; E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.
  4. “ Newspaper Pictorials: World War I Rotogravures. ” Newspaper Pictorials. N.p. , n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2014.
  5. Hastings, Max. “ WWI Airplanes: ‘Inventions of the Devil ‘ ” History Internet Where History Comes Alive World US History Online WWI Planes Inventions of the Devil Comments. N.p. , n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.
  6. “ Newspaper Pictorials: World War I Rotogravures. ” Newspaper Pictorials. N.p. , n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2014.