How Do the Assembler and Linker Work Togethe

How Do the Assembler and Linker Work Togethe

Computer Organization and Assembly Language Fall 2010 Assignment 1 Due Date: 25th August 2010 before class 1. How do the assembler and linker work together’? 2. How will studying assembly language enhance your understanding of operating systems? 3. What is meant by a one-to-many relationship when comparing a high-level language to machine language’? 4. Explain the concept of portability as it applies to programming languages. help me write an essay for free 5. Is the assembly language for the Intel 80×86 processor family the same as those for computer systems such as the Vax or Motorola 68xOO’? 6. Give an example of an embedded systems application. . What is a device driver’? 8. Is type checking on pointer variables stronger in assembly language or in C++? 9. Name two types of applications that would be better suited to assembly language than a high-level language. 10. Why would a high-level language not be an ideal tool for writing a program that directly accesses a particular brand of printer’? 11. Why is assembly language not usually used when writing large application programs’? 12. Translate the following C++ expression to assembly language X = (Y * 4) + 3 13. What is the duration of a single clock cycle (in nanoseconds) in a 3. GHz processor? 14. What is the l6-bit hexadecimal representation of each signed decimal integer? a. – 2 6 b. – 4 5 2 15. The following 16-bit hexadecimal numbers represent signed integers. Convert to decimal. a. 7CAB b. C123 16. What is the decimal representation of the following signed binary numbers? a. 10110101 b. 00101010 c. 11110000 17. What is the decimal representation of the following signed binary numbers? a. 10000000 b. 11001100 c. 10110111 18. What is the 8-bit binary (two’s complement) representation of each of the following signed decimal integers? . – 5 b. -36 c. -16 19. What is the minimum number of binary bits needed to represent each of the following unsigned decimal integers? a. 4095 b. 6 5 53 4 c. 2134657 20. Why was Unicode invented? 21. What is the largest value you can represent using a 256-bit unsigned integer? 22. What is the largest value you can represent using a 256-bit signed integer? 23. Which flag is set when an arithmetic or logical instruction produces a negative result? 24. Which Intel processor was the first member of the IA-32 family? 25. Name all 32-bit general-purpose registers