Compare And Contrast The Greeks And The Romans History Essay

Compare And Contrast The Greeks And The Romans History Essay

Despite the being of many civilizations in the ancient universe, the Greeks and the Romans had the most influence on American and European civilisation. Quite frequently the life of these two people is lumped together in our heads to an extend that you might believe they are precisely the same or as if the Grecian civilization merely all of a sudden became the Roman civilization without altering ( Galignani and 1840 2008 ) . This is nevertheless non the instance. The Grecian and the Roman civilization were so different in many ways.

Alexander the Great created the Grecian imperium in 336 B.C. In 13 old ages, he succeeded to repress the whole earlier land of the Medes and Persians and even acquired more district. In the long tally, his imperium reached from lubricating oil in the West and India in the East. His land was subsequently divided among the four generals after he died. These were Greece, Syria, Egypt and the present twenty-four hours turkey portion of Asia Minor. Despite the division, the Grecian civilization continued to rule the universe for in a significant manner for the 300 old ages that followed. The Bible represents the Grecian imperium by a leopard with four caputs and four wings ( Fine 124 ) .

The Roman Empire which subsequently ruled the whole of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East began as a farming community in Italy. It developed a civilisation that became powerful in the whole universe. Romans adapted many elements of Greek and Etruscan. For case the chariot racing was an Etruscan beginning. Despite the continuity, Romans resented this laterality in 509 BC ( Galignani and 1840 12-76 ) .

The Greek were really democratic. They did non hold a individual but alternatively the people chose a group of work forces that governed them. On the other manus the Romans were semi democratic. Yes they were governed by the senate but this senate composed of merely the rich upper category and a individual emperor possessed all the political power ( Fine 189 ) .

It should be noted that both civilizations were great builders. Today many tourers admire the ruins in Athens and Rome and flock in 1000s to see unearthed towns from the aboriginal universe like Pergamum and Ephesus. These are located in Turkey but are both Grecian ruins. The leftovers of old Paphos on Cyprus are besides a major attractive force of tourers. However, the building involvements of these two civilizations were so different. Harmonizing to Munk ( 2009 ) , the Greek were more realistic. It could be argued that their edifices were constructed good and have lasted for long merely like the Romans but they had particular involvement in temples, cosmetic frontages and columns ( Munk 156 ) . They were really practical yes, but they were more interested in beauty and delighting signifier. On the other manus, the Romans were more of applied scientists than creative persons. They focused more on urban planning, solid public forums ad edifices, good operation H2O supply and the best roads of all time constructed until so ( Cumount 143 ) . Their statues largely celebrated civic heroes than the Gods and the goddesses they had.

Harmonizing Radin ( 2008 ) , People were levied revenue enhancements by the authoritiess in both civilizations to pay for the roads and edifices constructed. In the Roman Empire, the local authoritiess were allowed to impose revenue enhancements excessively but non in the Grecian city states imperium ( Radin 203 ) .

Literary humanistic disciplines flourished I both civilizations but in different ways. Both civilizations liked poesy particularly the long 1s covering with Gods, wars, and heroes but the Grecian gallantry was build over along period of clip. The unwritten traditions were handed down from one coevals to the following. A good illustration is the instance of Homer ‘s “ Iliad ” which was about the Trojan War. For the Romans, the glorification was made on the topographic point by the life heroic authors like Virgil ‘s “ The Aeneid ” which was about the initiation of Rome ( Cumount 45 ) .

In the feeding and cookery wonts, these two were truly similar. They both ate healthy repasts consisting of fresh veggies and fruits, fish and toped up with sipping first-class vinos while keeping long clip treatments. They both besides loved theatre but the Greeks favoured high bad luck which could exemplify great work forces and adult females falling on a expansive graduated table. Harmonizing Radin ( 2008 ) , they had vulgar comedy that was so physical and spicy that it could be censored in modern clip. The Romans on the contrary liked sarcasm which is more of an rational comedy that could do fun public figures and jobs of the minute ( Radin 259 ) .

Even though the Romans borrowed some deities from the Greeks and added others onto the bing Italic divinities, they did non alter their peculiar beliefs including those that dealt with things to make with the house clasp Gods and the household hearth. There was a obscure protective divinities of the fireplace by every family. Each household had its ain Gods for protection and these Gods were worshipped in the families and ne’er in the temple. Foods of each repast were offered to them ( Hansen 28-56 ) .

When the Greece Empire reached its economic tallness, it was the most advanced in the universe at that clip. In fact it is said by some historiographers that it was the most advanced preindustrial economic systems. This is substantiated by the day-to-day pay of workers which was 12 kilogram of wheat. This was more than three times the pay of workers in the Roman period who earned about 3.75kg of wheat ( Harris 210 ) . On the other manus, the economic system of the Roman Empire was really hapless. Imperial authorities was interested in the control of the circulating currency merely like any authorities would and did non make much to hike the economic system. It was hence a political act to coin coins ; the image of the opinion emperor appeared on most issues and coins were used to demo the images throughout the imperium. The replacements, predecessors and empresses besides appeared on the coins. The future sequence image could be put on the coins by the current authorities and this was warrant plenty that he would govern the undermentioned government. ( Harris 187-206 ) .

In the Roman signifier of authorities they held many events that so many people being murdered and this was seen as some kind of amusement by the people of the Roman Empire. Harmonizing to Hansen ( 2005 ) , they could watch gladiators fight in the collosseum while seated in these colloseums two people who were either slaves condemned felons or Christians could contend until one of them dies ( Hansen 146 ) . They could besides contend wild animate beings or hungering animals. The Greek on the other manus did non like such barbarian combat.

Harmonizing to Harris ( 2008 ) , the Grecian authorities was led by military power where two royal households produced two male monarchs. The assembly elected the executive and the judicial Branch which was made up of five Ephors ( Harris 312 ) . Old work forces over the age of 60 introduced new Torahs in the legislative assembly while the popular assembly which was made up of Spartans of more than 30 old ages approved or disapproved the Torahs.

The Roman Empire on the other manus had two signifiers of authorities which run them for a thousand old ages. The republic lasted from 510-27 BCE while the imperium ran from 27 BCE-476 CE. The Republican was composed of four major parts, the magistrate, the Assembly, the Dictator and the Senate. The imperium on the other manus had five major parts, the magistrate, the people in the Roman states, the provincial disposal, the senate and the emperor ( Munk 109 ) .

These two imperiums were likewise in some ways. The Grecian and the Roman empires enjoyed and cherished diversion. This is one of the most of import things in human life of which without it can do melancholy that ca do decease. Both of them watched chariots to entertain them although the Romans had the biggest sphere called the Circus Maximus in the Mediterranean ( Kahane and Cavender 119-157 ) .

The Greeks held festivals that honored and praised the Gods while the Romans held festivals that represented something for the swayer on the chair. This was a immense difference between the societal life of the Romans and the Greek.

Even though the Greek and the Romans had similarities and differences in their ways of life, the differences over whelm the similarities and this is acceptable because they were two different civilizations.

Work cited

Cumount, Franz. Astrology and the faith Among the Greek and the Roman. New York: Forgotten Books, 2008

Fine, John V. The ancient Greeks: a critical history. New York: Harvard University Press, 1985

Galignani, A.W and 1840. The history of the diminution and the autumn of the Roman Empire, volume 5. Geneve: University of Lausanne, 2008.

Hansen, William. Classical mythology ; a usher to the fabulous universe of the Greeks and the Romans. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005

Harris, William V. The pecuniary systems of the Greeks and the Romans. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008

Kahane, Howard and Cavender, Nancy. Logic and modern-day rhetoric: the usage of the ground in mundane life. New Jersey: Cengage Learning, 2006

Munk, Eduard. The Metres of the Greek and Romans: a manual for Schools and private survey. Charleston: BiblioBazaar, LLC, 2009

Radin, Max. The Jews among the Greeks and Romans, 1915. Cheshire ; Biblo & A ; Tennen Publishers, 1998