The Spanish Empire And The Ottoman Empire History Essay

The Spanish Empire And The Ottoman Empire History Essay

The fourteenth and 15th centuries marked cardinal points in the development of both the Spanish and the Ottoman empires. The edifice of the Spanish and the Ottoman Empires are both similar and different in many ways. With the find of the Americas and the conquest of Constantinople, both imperiums were emerging as universe powers. Furthermore, both imperiums developed into strong spiritual imperiums. One major difference was the grounds for conquering between the two huge imperiums. The Spanish sought to better trade whereas the Ottoman Empire sought military control.

There were besides many similarities and differences in how the Spanish and the Ottoman Empires developed politically. The Spanish used the Encomienda System as a base for economic and political order in the Americas. Using this system, the work forces who served the Crown, or the encomenderos, were awarded portion of the labour and green goods of the indigens. The Spanish male monarch ruled through the Council of the Indies, leting the male monarch to name vicereines. Furthermore, the Spanish male monarch could supervise the exchequer office and the royal tribunal of entreaties, or audiencia. In contrast, the Ottoman Empire developed a bureaucratism, and because of spiritual tolerance allowed Christians and Jews to take part in the authorities.

The Spanish and the Ottoman Empires can be compared and contrasted economically. One difference between the two imperiums was taxing in the Ottoman Empire. Although the Ottoman Empire was tolerant of other faiths, they imposed a particular revenue enhancement on non Muslims called the jizya. One similarity was the constitution of trade paths in both imperiums. The Spanish Empire established trade paths to the Americas and the Ottoman Empire, under the regulation of Suleyman, expanded populations, roads, and trade paths. Suleyman led the Ottoman Empire to the Pax Ottomanica, ensuing in the aureate age that allowed the imperium to boom. Furthermore, the Ottoman Empire controlled half of the Danube River, leting them to command trade.

Socially, both the Spanish and the Ottoman Empires were really rigorous spiritual imperiums. The Spanish were rigorous Catholics ( possibly tolerant ) . Similarly, the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire was a devout Muslim. The Spanish spread Christianity throughout the Americas, change overing Natives similar to how the Ottomans converted male childs in hapless small towns top ranking janissaries. However, the two imperiums did differ in that the Ottoman Empire was tolerant of other faiths. The Ottoman Empire tolerated other faiths because by leting the Christians and Jews to pattern their faiths freely, the Ottoman Turks could support themselves against rebellions and rebellions. One major difference between the two imperiums was their grounds for enlargement and conquering. The Spanish Empire expanded to farther promote trade, whereas the Ottoman Empire expanded for military control. Under a system known as devshirme the Ottoman Sultan rounded up male childs between the ages of 12 and 20 from small towns and trained the best 10 per centum to be civil retainers or military work forces known as janissaries. However a similarity can be found in the diminution of these two imperiums, where both imperiums ended because of the deductions of the systems they sought to better in enlargement. The Spanish, in efforts to better trade started to worsen because of a weak fiscal base, unable to harvest the benefits of trade. Similarly, when the enlargement of the Ottoman Empire stopped, the imperium lacked the inflow of work force to feed its system of keeping an efficient population of civil retainers and military work forces. A consecutive military licking followed afterwards.

During the periods of 1450 to 1800, the edifice of the Spanish and the Ottoman Empire developed in similar and different ways. Politically, the Spanish used an encomienda system whereas the Ottomans developed a bureaucratic authorities. Economically, the Spanish and the Ottoman developed trade paths, but the Spanish did non enforce the jizya as the Ottomans did. Socially, both imperiums were purely spiritual but the Ottomans were more tolerant of other faiths. Despite their outgrowth as universe powers, both imperiums declined as a consequence of the Spanish & A ; acirc ; ˆ™s inability to develop a strong fiscal base and the Ottoman & A ; acirc ; ˆ™s failure to go on keeping a changeless work force.

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Whereas the Spanish easy conquered the New World, the Ottomans invariably fought against different people from Africa, Asia, and Europe. Ottoman society was divided politically into wealth manufacturers, soldiers, Muslims, and non-Muslims. Under a system known as devshirme the Sultan rounded up male childs between the ages of 12 and 20 from small towns and trained the best 10 per centum to be civil retainers or military work forces known as janissaries.

After the comparatively easy early conquering, Spanish statute law prohibited geographic expedition and captivity of Indians in its New Laws of 1542. In Mexico and Peru the edict was ignored and lead to a argument about how the settlements should be run, with some outstanding opinion category reasoning that Indians should be treated with protection and attention, while others argued for a bondage system. The Ottoman Empire was less enlightened in political orientation, but ruled with beast punishments for condemnable Acts of the Apostless, and efficient disposal ad legal processs. The Sultan considered himself supreme as compared against other sovereign.

American indians died because of disease, disruption, and the asperities of mine work following the European conquering. When the Spanish sovereign ended the encomienda system the settlers progressively sought grant of lands making rural estates that produced cultural merchandises. Gradually, the Americas evolved into an economic base that supports Spain. As for the Ottoman Empire, its diminution was drastic. When the enlargement stopped, the imperium lacked the inflow of work force to feed its system of keeping an efficient population of civil retainers and military work forces. A consecutive military licking followed afterwards.